** Elizabeth is taken to the Tower of London ** .
#onthisday - March 18 - in 1554 (which fell on a Sunday- 'Palm Sunday'), Elizabeth, daughter of Anne Boleyn, was taken by barge from Whitehall Palace to the Tower of London - as a prisoner!
Elizabeth was meant to have been taken to the Tower the day before, but had tried to buy herself time- and freedom- by writing to her half-sister Queen Mary, what is know known as the 'Tide Letter'. By the time she finished, the tide had turned, so she had succeeded in buying herself time. Yet Mary refused to see her, so in the end, she had only delayed the inevitable.
On the morning of Sunday the 18th March, as she was led through the garden, she glanced up at the window of the Queen's lodgings, hoping to see her sister, but once again was disappointed! .
Elizabeth arrived at the Tower- NOT by Traitor's Gate- but by Tower Wharf- and entered via a drawbridge to the west of the ancient fortress.
This could have been no less terrifying, walking past the Tower menagerie with the roaring lions. .
Upon seeing all the guards along the route, she asked "are all these harnessed men here for me?", Sir John Cage replied, "no madam", to which Elizabeth responded, "yes, I know it is so. It needed not for me, being, alas, a weak woman.” It is said that some of the guards were moved by the sight, doffing their caps and crying out: "God save your grace"! Elizabeth was then led under the Bloody Tower, where it is said that she saw the scaffold that Lady Jane Grey had been executed on, which was still standing. .
Elizabeth’s apartments consisted of four chambers, as well as accommodation for her servants of her hall and kitchen, outside the Coldharbour Gate, which formed the main entrance to the inner ward.
Like her mother, Elizabeth would need to gather all her wits about her, for the coming days were to be very trying indeed, with scrutinising interrogations, and a near appointment with the executioner.....
5 minutes ago
#OnThisDay Aleksey March 18, 1965, the Soviet cosmonaut Aleksey Leonov left the airlock of the Voskhod-2 spacecraft and became the first man to conduct an EVA (extra-vehicular activity). His “outdoor” time totalled just 12 minutes.
The slugfest that raged between the United States and the Soviet Union for dominance in space ended with a major victory for the Soviet Union. It was only two and a half months later, on June 3, 1965, that the Gemini IV spacecraft, with Edward White and James McDivitt on board, conducted the first American EVA.
The Soviet team of engineers, supervised by the founder of the Soviet space program Sergey Korolev, designed a special airlock compatible with the Voskhod spacecraft series. Additionally, the original spacesuit, used in all previous missions, was reinforced with an extra shell and basically functioned just like a thermos flask. The multimember crew spacecraft was remodelled to include a “spacesuit changing room.” The spacewalking cosmonaut was attached to the craft by a 5-metre tether, which served both for emergency oxygen supply and as a means of communication between the commander and ground controllers.
Leonov’s first spacewalk was mostly successful, but did experience a few off-normal situations, some of which were even considered deadly. A mishap caused the pressure inside Leonov’s spacesuit to surge. The suit ballooned, rendering any movement impossible. Leonov opened a valve to release the pressure at the risk of contracting a “decompression disease”, but all went well.
Next, he entered the airlock head first, which meant that turning upright was another ordeal. The strenuous physical activity in a heavy spacesuit (weighing over 220lbs) had totally worn him out: he was knee-deep in sweat and had to act quickly. His oxygen supply was also quickly running out. The spacesuit held 60 litres of air for ventilation and breathing, as opposed to modern ones which hold 360 litres. Making matters worse, a fault in the re-entry manoeuvering system had forced the cosmonauts to resort to manual mode, which resulted in the spacecraft landing in the middle of the dense Arctic woodland of the taiga, almost 200 miles away
#onthisday in 1782, John C. Calhoun was born in South Carolina. He rose to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives, as Secretary of War and Secretary of State, in the U.S. Senate, and as Vice President of the United States.
Calhoun served as Vice President under both Presidents John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson. He opposed many of the policies of both presidents but is most famous for initiating the Nullification Crisis in 1832 due to his opposition to the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832. Calhoun and many southerners believed that high protective tariffs favored the North and hurt the economy of the South. He pushed the idea that states could nullify federal tariffs and laws it found objectionable; President Andrew Jackson did not agree and threatened to invade South Carolina to enforce the tariffs. Calhoun resigned the vice presidency in late 1832 to serve in the Senate.
For the rest of his life, Calhoun vigorously defended southern beliefs and practices, including slavery. Despite his ownership of slaves and defense of the institution of slavery, a 1957 U.S. Senate committee chaired by Senator John F. Kennedy named Calhoun one of the five greatest senators in American history.
Calhoun died on Mar. 31, 1850. #johnccalhoun#southcarolina#nullificationcrisis#ussenate#slavery#tariffs
#onthisday 6 years ago Fernando Torres scored the double against Leicester City in the FA Cup
It's one of the best Fernando's performance at Chelsea for me. Enjoy!