Not so long ago: Thomas Fuller, also known as "Negro Tom" and the "Virginia Calculator", was an enslaved African renowned for his mathematical abilities. Born in Africa somewhere between present-day Liberia and Benin, Fuller was enslaved and shipped to America in 1724 at the age of 14, eventually becoming the legal property of Presley and Elizabeth Cox of Alexandria, Virginia. Both Fuller and the Coxes were illiterate. Stories of his math abilities spread through the Eastern seaboard. He never learned to read or write but had acquired the art of enumeration. He could multiply seven into itself, that product by seven, and the products by seven, for seven times. He could give the number of months, days, weeks, hours, minutes, and seconds in any period of time that any person chose to mention, including the leap years that happened in that time; he would give the number of poles, yards, feet, inches, and barley-corns in any distance, say the diameter of the earth's orbit; and in every calculation he would produce the answer in less time than ninety-nine men out of a hundred would produce with their pens. Sir Isaac Newton acknowledged him a Brother in Math and Science. His skill was even used as proof that enslaved Blacks were equal to whites in intelligence, which fueled pro-abolitionist discussion. When Fuller was 70 years old, William Hartshorne and Samuel Coates of Pennsylvania were in Alexandria and sent for him. First, they asked him how many seconds there were in a year and a half and he answered in about two minutes, 47,304,000. Second, they asked how many seconds a man has lived who is 70 years, 17 days and 12 hours old and he answered in a minute and a half 2,210,500,800. One of the men was working out the problems on paper, and informed Fuller that he was wrong, because the answer was much smaller. Fuller hastily replied, "'Top, massa, you forget de leap year." When the leap year was added in, the sums matched. Fuller the famous African Calculator died at aged 80. #thomasfuller #negrotom #mathematics #math #science #african #africancalculator #nigeria #benin #sirisaacnewton #slave #alexandria #virginia #notsolongago #nsla
77
8 hours ago
rock runs || North Shore Lifeguard @kylefoyle preparing for this winter, physically and mentally || Oahu, HI || photo @kalaniminihan || #rvcasport #NSLA || @northshorelifeguardassociation
2030
18 hours ago
#Repost @thedayafter2016 ・・・ Not so long ago: J. Edgar Hoover was determined to prevent the formation of a cohesive Black movement in the US. He saw the Black Panther Party as a revolutionary body that could cause radical change. The FBI opened a file on Fred Hampton chairman of the Illinois chapter of the BPP, and deputy chairman of the national BPP in 1967; his mother's phone was tapped in February 1968, and he was placed on the Bureau's Agitator Index as a key militant leader. In late 1968, the Racial Matters squad of the FBI recruited William O'Neal who had been arrested twice for car theft and impersonating a federal officer. In exchange for having his charges dropped and paid a monthly stipend O'Neal agreed to infiltrate the BPP as a counterintelligence operative. He joined the BPP and quickly rose in the organization becoming Director of security and Hampton's bodyguard. O'Neal was instructed to "create a rift" between the BPP and the local radical organizations while Hoover demanded that the COINTELPRO destroy what the BPP stood for and eradicate its “serve the people programs”. In October, Hampton and his girlfriend Deborah, pregnant with their first child, rented an apartment close to BPP headquarters. O'Neal reported to his superiors that much of the Panthers' stockpile of arms were stored there and drew them a map of the layout of the apartment. With this knowledge Hampton and Mark Clark were murdered during a raid by a tactical unit of the Cook County, Illinois State's Attorney's Office, in conjunction with the Chicago Police Department and the FBI. O'Neal lived under the name William Hart from 1973 to 1984 in the Federal Witness Protection Program in California secretly returning to Chicago. He later admitted that he “got in way over his head” and was forever tortured by the guilt as he only thought the FBI was going to raid the apartment not kill Hampton. The former Black FBI informant died after walking onto a busy expressway being struck by a car in January 1990. His death was declared a suicide- this was his second attempt. #williamoneal #fredhampton #jedgarhoover #blackplantherparty #bpp #chicago #cointelpro #fbi #notsolongago #nsla
8
23 hours ago
Not so long ago: J. Edgar Hoover was determined to prevent the formation of a cohesive Black movement in the US. He saw the Black Panther Party as a revolutionary body that could cause radical change. The FBI opened a file on Fred Hampton chairman of the Illinois chapter of the BPP, and deputy chairman of the national BPP in 1967; his mother's phone was tapped in February 1968, and he was placed on the Bureau's Agitator Index as a key militant leader. In late 1968, the Racial Matters squad of the FBI recruited William O'Neal who had been arrested twice for car theft and impersonating a federal officer. In exchange for having his charges dropped and paid a monthly stipend O'Neal agreed to infiltrate the BPP as a counterintelligence operative. He joined the BPP and quickly rose in the organization becoming Director of security and Hampton's bodyguard. O'Neal was instructed to "create a rift" between the BPP and the local radical organizations while Hoover demanded that the COINTELPRO destroy what the BPP stood for and eradicate its “serve the people programs”. In October, Hampton and his girlfriend Deborah, pregnant with their first child, rented an apartment close to BPP headquarters. O'Neal reported to his superiors that much of the Panthers' stockpile of arms were stored there and drew them a map of the layout of the apartment. With this knowledge Hampton and Mark Clark were murdered during a raid by a tactical unit of the Cook County, Illinois State's Attorney's Office, in conjunction with the Chicago Police Department and the FBI. O'Neal lived under the name William Hart from 1973 to 1984 in the Federal Witness Protection Program in California secretly returning to Chicago. He later admitted that he “got in way over his head” and was forever tortured by the guilt as he only thought the FBI was going to raid the apartment not kill Hampton. The former Black FBI informant died after walking onto a busy expressway being struck by a car in January 1990. His death was declared a suicide- this was his second attempt. #williamoneal #fredhampton #jedgarhoover #blackplantherparty #bpp #chicago #cointelpro #fbi #notsolongago #nsla
71
1 day ago
Not so long ago: June and Jennifer Gibbons were identical twins who grew up in Wales. They became known as "The Silent Twins" since they only communicated with each other. They were inseparable and their particular high-speed speaking made it difficult to understand them. As the only Black children in the community, they were bullied at school causing their administrators to dismiss them early each day. Soon their language was unintelligible and eventually they spoke to no one other than their sister Rose. When they turned 14, therapists tried unsuccessfully to get them to communicate with others. They were sent to separate schools to break their isolation, but the pair became entirely withdrawn. This forced them to reunite and they spent several years isolating themselves in their bedroom, engaged in elaborate plays with dolls. Inspired by a pair of diaries as gifts, they began their writing careers. The stories they wrote involved young men and women who exhibited strange and criminal behavior. Their novels were self-published and they made many attempts to sell them to magazines, but were unsuccessful. The girls began committing crimes including arson, which led to them being admitted to a mental health hospital for 14 years. June blamed this lengthy sentence on their selective muteness: "'Juvenile delinquents get 2 years in prison. We got 12 years of hell because we didn't speak”. Their case achieved notice due to newspaper coverage by journalist Marjorie Wallace who reported that the girls had agreed that if one died, the other must begin to speak and live a normal life. They began to believe that it was necessary for one of them to die, and after much discussion, Jennifer agreed to be the sacrifice.In March 1993, the twins were transferred to Bridgend, Wales; on arrival Jennifer could not be aroused. She died at the hospital of “inflammation of the heart” at 23 years of age. After Jennifer's death, June gave interviews with Harper's Bazaar and The Guardian. By 2008 she was living quietly and independently, near her parents in West Wales. #thesilenttwins #juneandjennifergibbons #majoriewallace #wales #bullying #notsolongago #nsla
60
2 days ago
Not so long ago: Almost 20 years prior to Vanessa Williams being named Miss America in 1984, the civil rights movement was making it very clear that the Miss America pageant was restricted to white women. In 1950 the pageant abolished a rule that excluded black contestants, but the lily-white pageant hadn’t changed. In 1967, J. Morris Anderson, a Philadelphia businessman, found this bias ridiculous. Anderson pulled in the NAACP and other experts who had run local pageants for black women. The group decided to hold the first Miss Black America contest the same day of the Miss America pageant, held in Atlantic City on September 7, 1968. Anderson booked the ballroom of the Ritz Carlton. The Miss Black America pageant, however, timed their show differently beginning at midnight hoping that when newsmen finished covering the Miss America pageant they might walk the four blocks to the Ritz Carlton afterward and many did. The pageant started at midnight, and at 2:45 a.m. Saundra Williams, a college student at Maryland State College, was crowned Miss Black America. When asked about the significance of the new pageant, she said, “Miss America does not represent us because there has never been a black girl in the pageant. With my title, I can show Black women that they too are beautiful.” The audience loved Williams’s performance of an African dance, and when she answered during the q&a segment that husbands and wives should do the same amount of housework. That year Miss Black America received a one-week vacation to Puerto Rico, a trophy, and a modeling contract. Saundra Williams is now an actress, known for having appeared in The Wolf of Wall Street(2013) and Alpha House (2013). The color lines loosened very quickly following the creation of the competing pageant. In 1971, Iowa was represented by Cheryl Brown, making her the first Black competitor in Miss America pageant history. That same year Oprah Winfrey represented Tennessee in Miss Black America. While the Miss America pageant now includes people of color, the Miss Black America pageant continues on. #missblackamerica #jmorrisanderson #saundrawilliams #missblackusa #notsolongago #nsla
60
3 days ago
Premier level seats for football Sunday 🏈🏈 #NEA #NSLA #prawnsambos
131
4 days ago
La belle affiche de #noussommeslesautres au cinéma dès le 10 novembre #cinema #quebec #nsla
30
4 days ago
#VenEx | NOTABLE: El mediocampista criollo, Juan Guerra (@juanguerra16), ha tenido una temporada extraordinaria con el New York Cosmos de los Estados Unidos, con el empate a cero del pasado fin de semana ante el Edmonton FC, el venezolano suma ya 2200 minutos en 27 partidos de la presente campaña, en los que ha marcado un total de cinco tantos y ha asistido una vez, siendo uno de los estelares del equipo en este 2017. ¡CRACK! . . . #podervinotinto #vinotinto #Venezuela #gol #futbol #soccer #nsla #mls #newyorkcosmos #usa #juanguerra #thebest
36
4 days ago
#repost @Regrann from @thedayafter2016 - Not so long ago: The C.R. Patterson & Sons Company was a carriage building firm, and the first Black-owned automobile manufacturer. The company was founded by Charles Richard Patterson, who was born into slavery. Patterson escaped from slavery in 1861, settling in Greenfield, Ohio. He went to work as a blacksmith for the carriage-building business and in 1873 went into partnership with J.P. Lowe. Over the next twenty years they developed a highly successful business. In 1893 Patterson bought out Lowe’s share of the business and reorganized it as C.R. Patterson & Sons Company. The company built 28 types of horse-drawn vehicles and employed 10-15 individuals. While the company managed to successfully market its equine-powered carriages and buggies, the dawn of the automobile was rapidly approaching. Charles Patterson died in 1910, leaving the successful carriage business to his son Frederick who converted the company into an automobile manufacturer. The first Patterson-Greenfield car debuted in 1915 and sold for $850. The car was comparable to the contemporary Ford Model T but C.R. Patterson & Sons never matched Ford’s manufacturing capability. It is almost certain that no more than 150 vehicles were built. The company switched to production of truck, bus, and other utility vehicle bodies. Around 1920, the company reorganized as the Greenfield Bus Body Company but after ten years of unspectacular growth, the Great Depression sent the company into a downward spiral. Frederick Patterson died in 1932, and the company began to disintegrate in the late 1930s closing its doors in 1939. The company was unable to compete with Ford and other large automobile manufacturers. No Patterson-Greenfield automobiles are known to have survived to the present, but some C.R. Patterson & Sons carriages and buggies are extant. #crpattersonandson #automobile #manufacturer #charlespatterson #entrepreneur #frederickpatterson #modeltford #notsolongago #nsla
14
4 days ago
Not so long ago: The C.R. Patterson & Sons Company was a carriage building firm, and the first Black-owned automobile manufacturer. The company was founded by Charles Richard Patterson, who was born into slavery. Patterson escaped from slavery in 1861, settling in Greenfield, Ohio. He went to work as a blacksmith for the carriage-building business and in 1873 went into partnership with J.P. Lowe. Over the next twenty years they developed a highly successful business. In 1893 Patterson bought out Lowe’s share of the business and reorganized it as C.R. Patterson & Sons Company. The company built 28 types of horse-drawn vehicles and employed 10-15 individuals. While the company managed to successfully market its equine-powered carriages and buggies, the dawn of the automobile was rapidly approaching. Charles Patterson died in 1910, leaving the successful carriage business to his son Frederick who converted the company into an automobile manufacturer. The first Patterson-Greenfield car debuted in 1915 and sold for $850. The car was comparable to the contemporary Ford Model T but C.R. Patterson & Sons never matched Ford’s manufacturing capability. It is almost certain that no more than 150 vehicles were built. The company switched to production of truck, bus, and other utility vehicle bodies. Around 1920, the company reorganized as the Greenfield Bus Body Company but after ten years of unspectacular growth, the Great Depression sent the company into a downward spiral. Frederick Patterson died in 1932, and the company began to disintegrate in the late 1930s closing its doors in 1939. The company was unable to compete with Ford and other large automobile manufacturers. No Patterson-Greenfield automobiles are known to have survived to the present, but some C.R. Patterson & Sons carriages and buggies are extant. #crpattersonandson #automobile #manufacturer #charlespatterson #entrepreneur #frederickpatterson #modeltford #notsolongago #nsla
69
4 days ago
Not so long ago: Before Oprah and Arsenio Hall, there was "Mr. SOUL!" Mr. Ellis Haizlip. Haizlip was a Black theater and television producer and a 1954 graduate of Howard University. He left D.C. for New York City to produce plays at the Harlem Y.M.C.A. One of his productions was "Dark of the Moon," with Cicely Tyson, James Earl Jones and the Alvin Ailey Dancers. In September 1968, PBS launched a series on WNET- an hour-long, all-black variety show airing Thursday nights hosted by Haizlip. It showcased musicians, and had interviews with politicians, writers and thinkers. The show was called "Soul!" and the list of people who were on it during its 39-week run is staggering: Muhammad Ali; James Baldwin; Stokely Carmichael; Earth, Wind & Fire; Louis Farrakhan; Al Green; Patti LaBelle; Miriam Makeba; Curtis Mayfield; Toni Morrison; Stevie Wonder; even a 16 year-old Arsenio Hall doing magic tricks. In 1973, Soul! ran out of funding, but the reason wasn’t popularity. Haizlip came under increasing pressure to tone down the show’s message of Black pride. The January 1969 transfer of presidential power from Lyndon Johnson, whose administration created PBS, to Richard Nixon meant a new set of rules for public broadcasting. By 1972, The Corporation for Public Broadcasting deemed Black shows such as Soul! hindrances to racial progress and Haizlip was given a choice: integrate Soul! or see it cancelled. The last episode aired on March 7, 1973. Soul! did not go away without a fight and Haizlip was frank in his public pronouncements in the press: "The cancellation of Soul! is “part of a policy to destroy all Black programming on the network,” he told the Washington Post. Haizlip ended his run at WNET dispirited about public television, which he deemed “limited and limiting.” He returned 5 years later and produced the WNET program “Watch Your Mouth“. Haizlip died of lung cancer in January 1991. His daughter Melissa Haizlip is working on the documentary called Mr Soul! #ellishaizlip #mrsoul! #soul! #howarduniversity #oprah #arseniohall #notsolongago #nsla
62
5 days ago
Load more